Baskin: inclusive basket ball

Baskin was created in Cremona, in Italy back in 2003. It currently represents one of the most innovative sports offer as far as global accessibility and inclusion of all types of people are concerned. It offers the possibility for handicaped and non-handicaped people to play together at the same time, in a same team.

Baskin is played on the same ground/court as regular basket-ball. It aims at the same principal target i ;e. the confrontation of 2 teams whose goal is to score as many baskets/points as possible in a set time. A great deal of the basic rules of basket-ball are used for Baskin : precise ball throwing, static and dynamic dribbling, passing the ball to a team player.

However, Baskin remains quite different from basket-ball in the way that it offers the possibility to make people whose mental and/or physical capacities can be radically different. In this regard, some adaptations had to be invented.

Adaptations concern the equipment and the rules:

- The equipment :

1) On top of the 2 regular backstops, 2 lateral ones are used. Each backstop includes 2 backboards with a basket ; the first basket is placed 1m from the ground ; the second is higher. These 2 lateral backstops are placed in a round restricted area.

2) a smaller ball canbe used if necessary for role 1 players, otherwise a size 5 ball is used for the game.

- The rules : there are 6 players on the ground/court - including at least 1 girl playing role 4 or 5. Each player has a well defined role that depends on their physical capacities, their understanding and their playing skills.

A game is played in 4 quarters of 6 minutes.

Players 1 & 2

They are positioned in the restricted area related to the lateral backstops where they remain for all the duration of the game.

They can only throw the ball in the baskets of the lateral backstops.

They have to throw the ball within 10 seconds – before shooting Players 1 indicate if they want to make 1 throw (scoring 3 points) or 2 throws (scoring 2 points even if the first throw is correct) – Players 2 are only allowed 1 throw and they have to bounce the ball twice before throwing. But they can choose to throw the ball from the side of the restricted area (scoring 3 points) or from the front of the restricted area (scoring 2 points)

Players 3

            They play on the court and traveling and double dribbling are accepted. They can only defend over adverse players 3 and vice-versa they can only be blocked by adverse players 3.

            They can shoot both into the lateral baskets (scoring 2 points) or into the regular baskets (scoring 3 points) wherever they shoot from on the playing ground.

Players 4

They play on the court but are not submitted to performing the layup. They can only be blocked by adverse players 3 and/or 4

They are not allowed to score into lateral baskets. They can shoot 3-point field goals and/or 2-point goals.

Players 5

They play on the court and they are submitted to the same rules as regular basket-ball. They have the aditional role of monitoring the play of their team. They can be blocked by all the players moving on the game court i.e. players 3, 4 and 5.

They are not allowed to score into lateral baskets. They can shoot 3-pointers and/or 2-point goals. They are only allowed 3 shoots per quarter.